Lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros)
In Britain, the lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) is now restricted to Wales, the west midlands and south-west England, but in the early 1900s it was found as far north as Yorkshire and along the south coast of England as far east as Kent. Its British population has recovered strongly in recent decades and now numbers some 50,000 animals.
Unlike the greater horseshoe bat, the lesser horseshoe bat is found in Ireland where an estimated population of between 9,000 and 10,000 individuals is restricted to the mid-west and south-west of the country.
The Vincent Wildlife Trust has sought to conserve horseshoe bats through:
- the establishment of bat roost reserves in both Britain and Ireland
- ongoing monitoring of the populations of horseshoe bats in key roosts
- carrying out work to secure, maintain and improve both hibernation and summer roosts
- major studies of the roosting and foraging ecology of the species
- undertaking a major assessment of the foraging areas and commuting routes surrounding key lesser horseshoe bat breeding roosts
- surveys of buildings in south-west England, the west midlands, Wales and Ireland for undiscovered horseshoe bat roosts
- training workshops based around its reserves and using the Lesser Horseshoe Conservation Handbook to inform ecological consultants and SNCO staff about appropriate mitigation measures for the species.